Roulette is a classic casino game that originated in France in the 18th century. The game is named after the French word meaning “little wheel.” In roulette, players can choose to place bets on either a single number, various groupings of numbers, the colors red or black, whether the number is odd or even, or if the numbers are high (19–36) or low (1–18).

How Roulette is Played:

  1. The Wheel and Layout:
    • The roulette wheel features numbered pockets ranging from 0 to 36 in European roulette, and an additional 00 in American roulette, altering the odds slightly.
    • Each number is either red or black, with the exception of 0 and 00, which are green.
  2. Betting:
    • Players place their bets on a special table layout which reflects the various options of numbers and groupings.
    • Bets can be placed until the dealer announces “no more bets” as the wheel begins to slow.
  3. Spinning the Wheel:
    • The dealer spins the roulette wheel and then spins a ball in the opposite direction along a tilted circular track running around the outer edge of the wheel.
    • As the wheel slows, the ball falls into one of the numbered pockets, determining the winning number and color.
  4. Payouts:
    • Bets that correctly predict the winning number or characteristics of it receive a payout according to the odds of the bet.
    • For example, betting on a single number pays 35 to 1, while betting on red or black pays 1 to 1.

Types of Bets:

  • Inside Bets: These are bets placed on the numbers themselves and include:
    • Straight (single number)
    • Split (two adjacent numbers)
    • Street (three numbers in a row)
    • Corner (a block of four numbers)
    • Six Line (two adjacent streets)
  • Outside Bets: These are bets placed on various positional groupings of pockets, the pocket color, or whether it is odd or even:
    • High or Low numbers
    • Red or Black colors
    • Even or Odd numbers
    • Dozen bet (group of 12 numbers)
    • Column bet (column of numbers)

Roulette is largely a game of chance, and there is no way to predict where the ball will land. Strategies and systems, such as the Martingale system, attempt to exploit the odds for profit but cannot guarantee success due to the game’s inherent random nature.